Metafísica

O Uno, o Bem, a Beleza, o Ser e o Não-Ser, a Inteligência, as Ideias, Um-Múltiplo, Alma do Mundo, Essência-Aparência, Substância, Nada, Vazio, etc...

Taylor: aletheia

Plato, following ancient theologists, considers truth multifariously. Hence, according to his doctrine, the highest truth is characterized by unity; and is the light proceeding from The Good, which imparts purity, as he says in the Philebus, and union, as he says in the Republic, to intelligibles. The truth which is next to this in dignity is that which proceeds from intelligibles, and illuminates the intellectual orders, and which an essence unfigured, uncoloured, and without contact, first receives, where also the plain of truth is situated, as it is written in the Phaedrus.

Taylor: Ciência

SCIENCE. This word is sometimes defined by Plato to be that which assigns the causes of things; sometimes to be that the subjects of which have a perfectly stable essence; and together with this, he conjoins the assignation of cause from reasoning. Sometimes again he defines it to be that the principles of which are not hypotheses; and, according to this definition, he asserts that there is one science which ascends as far as to the principle of things.

Taylor: pros o, di o, uph'ou, di ou, kath o, ex ou

ON ACCOUNT OF WHICH; WITH REFERENCE TO WHICH; THROUGH WHICH; ACCORDING TO WHICH; FROM WHICH; OR IN WHICH; viz. di o, pros o, uph'ou, di ou, kath o, ex ou. By the first of these terms, Plato is accustomed to denominate the final cause; by the second the paradigmatic; by the third the demiurgic; by the fourth the instrumental; by the fifth form; and by the sixth matter. (Thomas Taylor)

Taylor: noera epibole

Projeção intelectual, noera epibole. Assim como a percepção do intelecto é imediata, sendo o lançar adiante, como tal, diretamente a seus objetos próprios, esta intuição direta é expressa pelo termo projeção. (Tomas Taylor)

Taylor: athanaton

The Immortal = to athanaton. According to Plato, there are many orders of immortality, pervading from on high to the last of things; and the ultimate echo, as it were, of immortality, is seen in the perpetuity of the mundane wholes, which according to the doctrine of the Elean Guest in the Politicus, they participate from the Father of the universe. For both the being and the life of every body depend on another cause; but since body is not itself naturally adapted to connect, or adorn, or preserve itself.

Taylor: theion

THE Divine, to theion, is being subsisting in conjunction with The One. For all things except The One, viz. essence, life and intellect are considered by Plato as suspended from and secondary to the gods. For the gods do not subsist in, but prior to, these, which they also produce and connect, but are not characterized by these. In many places, however, Plato calls the participants, of the gods by the names of the gods. For not only the Athenian guest in the Laws, but also Socrates in the Phaedrus, calls a divine soul a god.

A "questão do ser" em Platão

Segundo Heidegger (BOUTOT, 1987 p.25), reina no pensamento de Platão uma maneira fundamental de proceder, na qual tudo gira ao redor de uma questão condutora da filosofia: "o que é o ente?". A unidade da filosofia platônica não é aquela de um sistema, mas aquela de uma questão central: "o que é o ente?".