gr. sophrosýne: autodomínio, moderação, temperança. Latim: temperantia. Virtude que consiste em regrar os desejos e as paixões. Derivado de sóphron, sábio prudente, atilado, esse termo indica certa arte de dirigir sua própria conduta.



Persons of the Dialogue : SOCRATES, who is the narrator ; CEPHALUS ; GLAUCON ; THRASYMACHUS ; ADEIMANTUS ; CLEITOPHON ; POLEMARCHUS ; and others who are mute auditors. The scene is laid in the house of Cephalus at the Piraeus ; and the whole dialogue is narrated by Socrates, the day after it actually took place, to Timaeus, Hermocrates, Critias, and a nameless person, who are introduced in the Timaeus.

Introduction to The Republic by Benjamin Jowett


CHARMIDES, or, Temperance

Persons of the Dialogue : SOCRATES, who is the narrator ; CHARMIDES ; CHAEREPHON ; CRITIAS. Scene : The Palaestra of Taureas, which is near the Porch of the King Archon.

Guthrie: 6. The Human Soul.

6. The Human Soul.—We have seen that the Soul of the Universe begat the human souls. Yet we have other accounts of their creation, which set forth that the Creator compounded human souls in the same vessel in which he had compounded the Soul of the Universe, the difference being that the elements used were less pure; and after creating them, the Creator assigned to each Soul its appropriate star. Thus the World-Soul and each human soul are sisters, and not related to each other as mother and daughter.